Although one of the most commonly experienced dental conditions in the world - bleeding gums still remains as one of the most untreated.
Although you may think that bleeding when brushing or flossing is normal, it's actually a sign that you may have 'gingivitis' or inflammation of the gums.
If left untreated it can progress to periodontitis and severe problems with gums and the support structures of your teeth. Meaning future possible tooth loss too.
What causes bleeding gums?
Bleeding gums are caused when plaque is not brushed properly away from the gum line of your teeth. This plaque is made up of bacteria and food and can become trapped at the base of the tooth. This causes your gums to get irritated, infected and bleed easily. This condition is called 'gingivitis'.
What is periodontitis?
If gingivitis is not treated and controlled, it can progress to Periodontitis. This is an advanced gum disease where the gum margin is weakened. The tooth root, the supporting bone and ligaments connecting to the tooth root are infected. Eventually bone is lost, and spaces, called periodontal pockets, form between the tooth and the gum. Periodontitis and advanced gum disease can present with bleeding gums, swollen gums, sore gum, receding gums, bad breath, a bad taste in the mouth and loose teeth.
How To Prevent Bleeding Gums
- See your dentist.
- Brush with a good technique (check youtube).
- Gently 'Massage' your gumline with your brush.
- Clean along the gumline of all your teeth.
- Floss as regularly as you can (we know, it can be hard).
- Use special toothpicks & inter-teeth brushes.
- Use specialised toothpastes or mouthrinses.
- Ask your dentist about brushing & flossing techniques.